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美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。 Special English 又叫“沙龙国际”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。 30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。 美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方: 1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语; 2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播; 3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。 Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:关注委内瑞拉民众食品安全2017-12-31
The United States remains deeply concerned over the dire humanitarian conditions of the Venezuelan people brought about by the authoritarian regime of Nicolas Maduro. These hardships include lack of access to affordable food and vital medicine, medical su
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:马格尼茨基法案2017-12-31
Nine years ago, Russian lawyer and tax accountant Sergei Magnitsky uncovered a 5.4 billion ruble [$230 million] tax fraud scheme while auditing the Russia-based Hermitage Fund.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:太阳能使非洲变得不同2017-12-31
Lack of inexpensive, reliable energy delivery is one of the chief obstacles to growth and development in sub-Saharan Africa. Nearly seventy percent of people living in the region lack access to electricity, forcing them to spend significant amounts of the
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国协助塞内加尔执法2017-12-31
The United States is assisting law enforcement in Senegal with a donation of critical, non-lethal law enforcement equipment and materiel to the country's national police.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:奴隶制——令人发指的罪行和终极侵犯人权行为2017-12-28
For the flood of migrants and refugees escaping the violence and poverty of several African countries and heading toward Europe for the opportunity of a better life, the most common route out of North Africa is through Libya.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:蒂勒森:朝鲜仍是国际安全最大威胁2017-12-27
Secretary of State Rex Tillerson affirmed in remarks to the United Nations Security Council that the greatest threat to the security of the United States and the international community remains the North Korean regime. North Korea's growing capabilities
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:为海地提供安全食水2017-12-26
The United States has taken another step to support access to clean water for Haiti's citizens and continue the fight against cholera.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国帮助巴基斯坦执法2017-12-25
On December 13, U.S. Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary of State David Ranz handed over eleven armored personnel carriers, also known as APCs, worth over 280 million rupees [$2.7 million USD] to the Islamabad Capital Territory Police, or ICTP, the Frontier
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:制裁两个上帝抵抗军的供应商2017-12-25
Since 1987, the Lord's Resistance Army terrorist group, under the leadership of self-styled prophet Joseph Kony, has waged a guerilla war against the Ugandan government. The group's purported goal is to establish a multi-party democracy that would rule
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国帮助巴基斯坦执法2017-12-25
On December 13, U.S. Acting Deputy Assistant Secretary of State David Ranz handed over eleven armored personnel carriers, also known as APCs, worth over 280 million rupees [$2.7 million USD] to the Islamabad Capital Territory Police, or ICTP, the Frontier
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:委内瑞拉必须释放乔希·霍尔特2017-12-23
The safety and security of Americans overseas is one of the United States' top priorities. That's why the U.S. has expressed its grave concern regarding the continued incarceration of Josh Holt by the Venezuelan government.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:给也门人民更多的援助2017-12-23
The United States has announced an additional $130 million dollars in emergency food assistance to Yemen through the U.S. Agency for International Development, known as USAID. This brings the total U.S. contribution in humanitarian aid for the people of Y
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国致力于赋予妇女权力2017-12-21
The United States is committed to empowering women all over the world. In too many places around the world today women face barriers – barriers to equality, to resources, to opportunities, said USAID's Senior Deputy Assistant Administrator of the Bureau
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国与欧盟的伙伴关系2017-12-21
The partnership between America and the European Union is based on shared values, shared objectives for security and prosperity on both sides of the Atlantic, and we remain committed to that, said U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:促进北非地区的稳定2017-12-18
In Syria and Iraq, ISIS will soon be history. But even as it struggles to stay alive and relevant, it is critical that it not be allowed to regroup and flourish elsewhere.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:2017年全球安全指南报告2017-12-16
Excess and loosely secured weapons and munitions worldwide pose a security risk and humanitarian threat through illicit diversion to terrorists, insurgents, and other destabilizing actors.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:伊拉克宣布彻底根除ISIS武装2017-12-16
After a courageous three year campaign of intense fighting, Prime Minister Haider al-Abadi has announced the liberation of all Iraqi territory from ISIS control.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:减少爆炸危险以改善生活2017-12-16
Around the world, excess and loosely-secured stockpiles of small arms, light weapons, and munitions, along with landmines and explosive remnants of war, pose a serious danger not only to local populations, but also to regional stability and prosperity.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国承认耶路撒冷是以色列的首都2017-12-14
After a more than twenty-year delay by successive administrations, President Donald Trump has finally made good on the promise to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel. He also directed the State Department to begin preparations to move the America
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国与尼日利亚就安全方面展开合作2017-12-13
Through its Bi-national Commission with Nigeria, the U.S. hopes to find new areas of collaboration with regard to security cooperation; economic growth and development; and democracy and governance.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:支持民众推翻恐怖主义政权2017-12-11
Governments that sponsor or condone violence or discrimination against their own people are more likely to see extremism grow in their country. If left unchecked, human rights violations and abuses and poor governance spawn radicalized individuals and com
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国:几内亚内定选举是民主的倒退2017-12-10
The recent legislative and municipal elections in the Republic of Equatorial Guinea were a chance for the government there to live up to the goal of widening the country's democratic space;
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:消除对妇女暴力行为国际日2017-12-09
The two weeks between International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, observed on November 25th, and Human Rights Day, celebrated on December 10th, are dedicated to 16 Days Of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence: 16 days of campaigning
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国支持全球打击腐败2017-12-08
Corruption is an abuse of power at every level that impacts rich and poor countries alike, in both the private and public sectors.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:世界在朝鲜问题上面临着关键抉择2017-12-08
The U.N. Security Council convened an emergency meeting on North Korea November 29th -- the ninth such meeting this year -- after the DPRK launched its highest and longest ballistic missile to date, demonstrating the regime's relentless determination to
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国打击塔利班经济来源2017-12-07
Gone are the days when the Taliban, citing religious objections to opiates, banned the growing of poppies. Now up to 85 percent of the world's opium production occurs in areas under Taliban influence, leading to the Taliban and other non-State armed grou
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:俄罗斯进一步限制新闻自由2017-12-06
Moscow has erected another roadblock to freedom of expression. New Russian legislation now allows the Ministry of Justice to label media outlets as foreign agents and monitor or block certain internet activity in Russia.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:向也门提供关键的人道主义援助2017-12-05
Critically-needed supplies, including food and medicine, have arrived in Yemen, after Saudi Arabia and the Saudi-led coalition eased the three-week military blockade they had imposed on Yemeni ports and Sanaa International Airport. The blockade began Nove
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:越南拘禁另一博客主2017-12-03
Vietnamese authorities continue to crackdown on free speech. The latest victim is activist blogger Nguyen Van Hoa. He was sentenced to seven years in prison for allegedly conducting propaganda against the state, by producing videos and blogging in protest
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:特朗普欲对朝鲜施加更大的压力2017-12-03
The Administration of President Donald Trump has ratcheted up pressure on North Korea, in a continuing effort to get the rogue country to abandon its illegal nuclear and missile programs, and to cease its support of terrorism.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:津巴布韦迎来历史性时刻2017-12-01
Robert Mugabe resigned the presidency of Zimbabwe last week after Parliament initiated impeachment proceedings against him, ending his oppressive 37-year rule and opening the country to what U.S. Secretary of State Rex Tillerson called an extraordinary op
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:巴基斯坦释放恐怖主义领导人2017-12-01
The United States is deeply concerned over the release from house arrest in Pakistan of Lashkar-e-Tayyiba leader Hafiz Saeed. Lashkar-e-Tayyiba, or LeT, is a designated Foreign Terrorist Organization responsible for the death of hundreds of innocent civil
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国谴责埃及的恐怖袭击2017-11-30
The United States condemns in the strongest terms the horrific terrorist attack at a mosque in Egypt's North Sinai province. In a tweet shortly after the attack President Donald Trump said, “Horrible and cowardly terrorist attack on innocent and defensel
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:制裁委内瑞拉官员2017-11-29
In November, the U.S. Department of the Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control designated ten current or former Venezuelan government officials associated with undermining electoral processes, media censorship, or corruption in government-administer
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:保持对ISIS的压力2017-11-29
2017 has been a bad year for ISIS. Over the past 10 months, the terrorist group has lost its hold on all strongholds in Iraq and nearly all the territory it once held there. In Syria, its territory has shrunk to little more than the central Euphrates rive
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国起诉濒危物种走私犯2017-11-26
The U.S. continues to prosecute endangered species traffickers. Michael Hegarty, an Irish national, was sentenced in federal court in Miami, Florida, on November 14th to 18 months in prison to be followed by three years of supervised release for fraudulen
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:2017年感恩节2017-11-25
On the fourth Thursday in November, Americans celebrate Thanksgiving. The celebration is rooted in the ancient tradition of the harvest festival, but in the United States, it has taken a far greater significance.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国和西非国家经济共同体继续合作2017-11-24
The United States government and the Economic Community for West African States, or ECOWAS, have reaffirmed their commitment and collaboration to strengthen harmonization and delivery of development programs that aid millions of people throughout West Afr
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:与索马里警察合作建立反恐能力2017-11-23
For too long, Somalis have suffered an unceasing campaign of terrorist violence. Since the beginning of the year, terrorists have perpetrated over 40 acts of terrorism using armed suicide assaults, truck bombs, and remotely detonated improvised explosive
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:特朗普访问中国 合作共赢成主题2017-11-23
Cooperation, responsibility and respect were recurrent themes of President Donald Trump's recent visit to China.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:阿萨德疑似仍使用化学武器2017-11-23
Two and a half years into the Syrian civil war, the Syrian government attacked its own people with chemical weapons. On August 21st, 2013, rockets delivering deadly Sarin gas landed in Ghouta, a rebel-controlled suburb of Damascus. It is not clear how man
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国国际开发署在打击恐怖主义方面发挥的作用2017-11-21
Over the past few years, the global community has dealt severe, even debilitating defeats to some of the most high-profile terrorist organizations around the globe. Nonetheless, terrorism still poses an existential threat to many states around the world.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国与刚果合作预防疾病暴发2017-11-20
The United States is working with the Democratic Republic of Congo and Republic of the Congo to better combat the outbreak of deadly disease. In October, the U.S. Embassy in Kinshasa hosted a two-day TechCamp, The Congos: Ground Zero for the Prevention of
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:约旦河西岸清除战争遗留爆炸物2017-11-18
The West Bank is littered with landmines and unexploded ordnance, due to decades of conflict beginning as far back as 1948. A survey conducted in 2012 identified 90 minefields. Of these, 13 were laid by the Jordanian military between 1948 and 1967.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国支持罗兴亚人安全返回缅甸2017-11-17
As part of the continuing U.S.-Bangladesh Partnership Dialogue, Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs Thomas A. Shannon recently met with Bangladeshi Foreign Secretary Shahidul Haque in Dhaka.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:特朗普总统出席东盟峰会2017-11-17
It's been fifty years since the Association of Southeast Asian Nations, or ASEAN, was created by Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore, and Thailand to promote regional stability and economic cooperation.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:特朗普访问韩国2017-11-17
On his recent trip to South Korea, President Donald Trump and President Moon Jae-in discussed joint efforts to confront the grave threat posed by North Korea's illegal nuclear weapons and missile programs.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国与拉丁美洲建立教育伙伴关系2017-11-15
The U.S. Department of State, Partners of the Americas, and NAFSA: Association of International Educators announced this month the latest 100,000 Strong in the Americas Innovation Fund grant winners, again fueling strategic partnerships among higher educa
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国乌克兰问题特别代表称乌东冲突必须结束2017-11-15
The ongoing conflict in eastern Ukraine must be brought to an end, said U.S. Special Representative for Ukraine Negotiations Kurt Volker. More than ten thousand people have been killed and two million more have been displaced since Russian-led forces atte
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:特朗普总统访问日本2017-11-11
Our nations share an enduring bond, said President Donald Trump on his recent visit to Japan. America and Japan face many challenges and many opportunities, but we will be facing them together, in friendship and as allies, said the President.
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