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美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。 Special English 又叫“沙龙国际”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。 30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。 美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方: 1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语; 2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播; 3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。 Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国制裁中国中兴公司2018-04-23
Secretary of Commerce Wilbur Ross announced that the U.S. Department of Commerce's Bureau of Industry and Security has imposed a denial of export privileges against Zhongxing Telecommunications Equipment Corporation, of Shenzhen, China, and ZTE Kangxun T
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:2018年地球日2018-04-23
On April 22nd, more than 190 countries, including the United States, will celebrate Earth Day. It is a day to reflect on the impact humans have on the earth, and to demonstrate and reaffirm our support for environmental protection.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国副总统迈克·彭斯出席美洲峰会2018-04-22
At the first Summit of the Americas, member states issued a Declaration of Principles, in which this body agreed to work together to advance the prosperity and democratic values, as well as institutions and security in the hemisphere.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国牧师在土耳其受审2018-04-22
U.S. pastor Andrew Brunson went on trial in Turkey this month for alleged ties to terrorism and espionage. He is a Presbyterian minister who lived in Turkey for more than 20 years and served a small church in the southwestern city of Izmir. He has been de
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:马歇尔计划的意义2018-04-21
70 years ago this month, the United States implemented the European Recovery Program, better known as the Marshall Plan, in an effort to stabilize war-shattered Europe, and help it restore its industrial and agricultural production.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:联合国维和任务的难处2018-04-21
United Nations peacekeeping missions are far more complicated today than when the peacekeepers' job consisted primarily of keeping the warring parties apart.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国盟军对阿萨德使用化学武器做出回应2018-04-21
Along with allies Britain and France, the United States has sent a clear message to Syrian President Bashar al-Assad and his patrons, Russia and Iran: the use of chemical weapons will not be tolerated.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:哥斯达黎加人民选举新总统2018-04-19
According to Freedom House, Costa Rica has a long history of democratic stability, with a multiparty political system and regular transitions of power through free and fair elections. This tradition continued this year, with two rounds of free and fair el
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:越南人权活动人士被判刑2018-04-18
Authorities in Vietnam have given harsh prison terms to six peaceful Vietnamese human rights activists following a one-day trial on charges widely viewed by rights monitors as spurious.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:加强赞比亚维和人员的能力2018-04-17
In an effort to protect the civilian population and stabilize the C.A.R., the United Nations Security Council deployed to the country a United Nations peacekeeping operation, MINUSCA.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:博茨瓦纳防治艾滋病工作2018-04-17
In November 1993, David Ngele became the first Motswana to openly disclose he was living with HIV. Over the past 25 years, more courageous individuals have followed him in making public disclosures, though they represent a small percentage of the estimate
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:促进美国与墨西哥的贸易和旅游业2018-04-16
U.S. Secretary of Homeland Security Kirstjen Nielsen recently met with Mexican President Enrique Peña Nieto to discuss security issues affecting both the United States and Mexico.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:世界必须停止使用化学武器2018-04-16
The day we prayed would never come has come again, said U.S. Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley.Chemical weapons have once again been used on Syrian men, women, and children.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:乌克兰正在发生变化 好的变化2018-04-13
In November 2013, the Ukrainian people came together on Kyiv's central square, or Maidan, to demand that their voices be heard. After three months of protest, President Victor Yanuchovych, who had attempted to distance the country from Europe and join mo
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:为海地提供更好的卫生保障2018-04-13
Better health security for Haitians is the goal of Haiti's National Specimen Referral Network, or NSRN, which is part of the National Public Health Laboratory and the Directorate of Epidemiology, Laboratory and Research in Port-au-Prince.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:波兰购买爱国者导弹系统2018-04-12
The United States welcomes the recent signing in Warsaw of an agreement concluding Phase I of Poland's purchase of the Patriot missile defense system, worth 4.6 billion dollars.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:叙利亚政府军涉嫌再次使用化学武器2018-04-12
It's been one hundred years since British poet and infantryman Wilfrid Owen described a soldier suffocating on chlorine gas during World War I: I saw him drowning. In all my dreams, before my helpless sight. He plunges at me, guttering, choking, drowning
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:波罗的海三国领导人造访白宫2018-04-10
President Donald Trump recently welcomed the leaders of Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania to the White House.The President noted that this year marks the 100th anniversaries of the three Baltic Nations' independence. Throughout decades of Soviet occupation,
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:安全理事会的失败与尴尬2018-04-10
The conflict in Syria, which started when peaceful protestors urging reform were met with brutal military force by Bashar al-Assad, has entered its eighth year. The carnage has been unspeakable: hundreds of thousands dead; millions displaced; untold thous
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:促进美国和刚果民主共和国之间的贸易2018-04-09
U.S. Ambassador to the Republic of Congo Todd Haskell kicked off Embassy Brazzaville's GoAGOA Week on March 19.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:国际社会加大对朝鲜施压2018-04-07
The UN Security Council's 1718 North Korea Sanctions Committee unanimously approved 49 new UN designations – 21 shipping companies, one individual, and 27 ships – all aimed at countering North Korea's illegal maritime smuggling activities to obtain oil
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:4月4日——国际提高地雷意识和协助地雷行动日2018-04-06
April 4th is the United Nations' International Day for Mine Awareness and Assistance in Mine Action. The occasion provides an opportunity for the world to reflect on both the progress made, and the challenges that remain, in clearing landmines and unexpl
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:纪念马丁路德金被暗杀50周年2018-04-06
Today, on the fifty-year anniversary, we mourn the assassination of civil rights leader and Nobel Peace Prize laureate, Dr. Martin Luther King.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国扩大对委内瑞拉的制裁2018-04-04
Those designated include Américo Alex Mata Garcíaor.As the coordinator of Maduro's 2013 presidential campaign, Mr. Mata was videotaped soliciting 50 million dollars from Brazilian construction company Odebrecht in exchange for government contracts.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:打击非洲野生动物贩运2018-04-04
Combating wildlife trafficking is a priority for the United States, said Deputy Chief of the U.S. Mission to the African Union, Jessica Davis, at a workshop on illegal wildlife trafficking held recently in Addis Ababa.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:大数据助力科特迪瓦艾滋病防治2018-04-04
On March 12th, Côte d'Ivoire's Ministry of Health and Public Hygiene hosted its inaugural meeting in Abidjan on the strategic direction of the first nationwide study on the impact of HIV, which has involved more than 20,000 individuals to date.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国国防部长:俄罗斯的新型核武器,是普京吹牛了2018-03-31
Defense Secretary James Mattis said he sees no change in Russia's military capability in light of Russian President Vladimir Putin's recent speech in which he said Russia has developed new strategic weapons systems capable of attacking the United States
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:打击毒品新的走私模式2018-03-31
The ever-evolving illicit drug trade is shifting to a new paradigm. Increasingly, international criminal organizations are dealing in highly dangerous synthetic drugs.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:加强打击墨西哥海洛因贩运者2018-03-31
The United States continues to methodically target the individuals and businesses who profit from the sale heroin. Most recently, the U.S. Department of the Treasury's Office of Foreign Assets Control, or OFAC,
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国总统国家安全事务助理:阿萨德必须负责2018-03-31
Today in Syria, we are confronted once more with some of the worst atrocities known to man, said National Security Council Advisor Lieutenant General HR McMaster in a speech at the Holocaust Museum in Washington.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国对俄罗斯实施新制裁2018-03-31
In an effort to address ongoing, nefarious attacks emanating from Russia, Treasury Secretary Steven Mnuchin announced additional sanctions targeting 19 Russian individuals and five entities responsible for a range of destabilizing activities, including in
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:世界各地庆祝诺鲁孜节2018-03-31
The ancient spring festival of Nowruz is currently being celebrated around the world, by, among others, Afghans, Azeris, Americans, Chinese, Iraqis, Kurds, Pakistanis, Persians, and the peoples of Central Asia.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国支持安哥拉妇女参与排雷2018-03-31
Angola is one of the world's most heavily mined countries. Decades of fighting for independence, followed by a quarter century of civil war that ended in 2002, left the country in tatters—and heavily sown with landmines.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:克里米亚是属于乌克兰的2018-03-31
Four years ago this month, Russia held an illegitimate, fabricated referendum in Ukraine in an attempt to legitimize its purported annexation of Ukrainian territory. Crimean residents were compelled to vote under scrutiny by heavily armed Russian troops.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国总统防治艾滋病紧急救援计划挽救妇女和女童的生命2018-03-31
A recent survey, supported by the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, or PEPFAR, shows that for as many as one in three girls, their first sexual experience is forced or coerced, which also places them at an elevated risk for HIV infection.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:沙特阿拉伯王储萨勒曼造访白宫受热烈欢迎2018-03-31
Saudi Arabia's Crown Prince Mohammad Bin Salman was recently warmly welcomed at the White House. President Donald Trump called Saudi Arabia a great friend of the United States, and predicted ties between the two countries will grow.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:制裁南苏丹石油公司2018-03-31
In an effort to limit resources that fuel the civil war in South Sudan, the United States Department of Commerce has imposed licensing requirements on 15 of the country's oil-linked entities whose revenues have contributed to the ongoing crisis in South
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国宣布对伊朗黑客进行刑事起诉和金融制裁2018-03-31
The United States has announced criminal indictments and financial sanctions against Iranian hackers who waged a massive program of cyber intrusions, targeting the computers of hundreds of universities, businesses, and U.S. government and non-governmental
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:帮助非洲提供稳定的电力供应2018-03-20
However, in sub-Saharan Africa, millions of displaced people are living indefinitely in camps with no power.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:英美就俄罗斯间谍事件立场一致2018-03-19
The United States stands with its closest ally the United Kingdom and shares its assessment that Russia is responsible for the reckless nerve agent attack on a British citizen and his daughter, the White House declared in a written statement. And we suppo
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:积极拓展与南美洲和中美洲国家的关系2018-03-19
The United States is continuing to actively engage with its allies and partners in South America, Central America, and the Caribbean. These are nations that “share our democratic values and our commitment to work together for a stable and peaceful hemisph
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:纪念哈莱卜杰大屠杀2018-03-17
Thirty years ago, on March 16, 1988, and just before the start of the al-Anfal operation, the regime of then-President of Iraq, Saddam Hussein, committed one of the worst atrocities of the modern era: the murder by poison gas of thousands of civilians in
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:特朗普总统同意会见金正恩2018-03-16
President Donald Trump has agreed to meet with North Korean dictator Kim Jong-un, South Korea's National Security Advisor Chung Eiu-Yong announced after he met with Mr. Trump at the White House.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:保护全球各地的宗教自由2018-03-15
In late December of last year, the Trump Administration unveiled its National Security Strategy. One of the priority actions to be undertaken by the United States as part of this new plan is the advancement and protection of religious freedom and religiou
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:伊朗妇女因解除面纱被判刑2018-03-15
Earlier this year, the White House deplored the human rights abuses imposed on the Iranian people by their government and pledged not to remain silent when Iranians rose up to peacefully protest against repression and corruption, as White House Spokespers
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:给阿富汗带来和平2018-03-14
The United States salutes the courage and sacrifices of the Afghan security forces and all those countries who are advising and supporting the efforts of the Afghan people.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国成为最大的石油生产国2018-03-13
The United States is slated to become the world's largest oil producer by the year 2023, according to the International Energy Association, or IEA. The rising demand for oil, said IEA Executive Director Fatih Birol, has unleashed a wave of growth from th
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:美国和联合国培训维和人员调查性虐待事件2018-03-13
While the vast majority of the nearly 100,000 men and women who serve as UN peacekeepers do so with honor and integrity, acts of misconduct still occur, including incidents of sexual exploitation and abuse against the very people peacekeepers are deployed
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:蒂勒森:帮助非洲打击恐怖主义2018-03-11
The long reach of terrorism threatens to steal the future of countless Africans, said Secretary Tillerson in a recent speech.In the last year alone, thousands of Africans have died at the hands of terrorists.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:阻止俄罗斯对乌克兰的侵略2018-03-11
The United States remains committed to Ukraine's sovereignty and territorial integrity and has taken two recent actions to help advance that goal.
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