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美国之音(以下称VOA)的英语节目,按播音速度可分为两种:Standard English (标准英语)和 Special English(特别英语)。 Special English 又叫“沙龙国际”,是VOA 专为全世界非英语国家初学英语的听众安排的一种简易、规范的英语广播节目。该节目创始于50年代末期,是VOA 的专家们研究如何与世界各地的英语学习者进行交际的产物。它正式开播于1959年10月。当时只面向欧洲和中东,但由于这个节目适合许多国家英语学习者的需要,所以它的广播对象不久就扩大到世界其他地区,并很快在全世界范围内产生了广泛的影响。现在这个节目对欧洲、非洲和拉丁美洲每晚广播一次,对加勒比地区每晚广播一次(星期天除外),对东南亚广播次数最多,每天上午两次,晚上三次。 30多年来,VOA 为了办好Special English节目,进行了大量的调查研究工作,对播音速度、内容及用词范围都作了具体规定,基本上达到了既能为英语学习者提供信息,又不损害英语本身风格的目的,使之成为VOA 独具特色,拥有最大量听众的节目。 美国著名词汇学家S. B. Flexmer 指明了Special English的三条标准,也就是它所“特别”的地方: 1、它是一种由美国人最常用的1500个基本单词为主体构成的美国英语; 2、它用简短、明晰的句子写作和广播; 3、它以每分钟90个单词的速度,即2/3的Standard English(标准英语)速度进行广播。 Special English的节目可分为两大类:一类是新闻节目;一类是专题节目。
A new report on the performance of U.S. students found little or no improvement in mathematics and reading. The report found that only about one-third of 8th graders were rated proficient’ in the two subjects.
A recent study suggests that over half of college students in the United States believe promoting diversity is more important than protecting free speech. Some experts worry what this view might mean for higher education.
False friend is a way to describe words in different languages that look the same, but have completely different meanings. We are examining some false friend examples in English and Spanish.
Private colleges and universities are growing in popularity almost everywhere around world except the United States. Some education experts say that is because public schools lack the financial resources to support the growing number of students.
Thousands of teachers in two U.S. states go on strike to demand higher pay and increased education funding.
Interviews serve a lot of different purposes. They help employers decide who to choose for a job they want to fill. They also help colleges and universities decide which students they want to admit. And one admissions official says there many things for i
A new report shows the National Rifle Association provided more than $7.3 million in grants to hundreds of U.S. schools from 2010 through 2016. Most of the money goes to local programs of the Army Junior Reserve Officer Training Corps.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:学生在“虚拟”企业中学习真正的技能2018-03-31
Young people from around the United States gathered in Pasadena, California recently to talk about businesses they created. The busine...
Corinthian Colleges went out of business in 2015. The for-profit higher education company has been found guilty of lying to its students. Many of them were faced with considerable debt from the loans they got for their studies. Now some students are takin
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:研究:大多数美国人喜欢数学和科学课2018-03-31
Despite a lack of interest in STEM-related education by many American K-12 students, a new study shows most adults actually enjoyed math and science classes.
In today’s program, we will tell you about other words and phrases we use to make conditionals in spoken English.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:新人工智能技术改变学生评价教授的方式2018-03-19
A new program uses artificial intelligence to let students evaluate their professors using a chat window.
On a recent program, we told you about some English words borrowed from African languages. Today, we will tell you about words English has borrowed from the Arab world.
American universities across the country are publicly supporting high school students who participate in peaceful protests against gun violence. The announcements are aimed at students who are applying for colleges and universities.
For many would-be college students, testing is the most difficult part of the undergraduate application process.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:用利默里克来定义每一个英语单词2018-03-08
There are different methods for studying languages and learning new words. An American man has come up with an unusual way to define words - through rhyming and limericks.
President Donald Trump has called for arming teachers as a way to stop school shootings. His comments - following the recent deadly school shooting in Parkland, Florida - have been criticized by students and organizations representing teachers.
该音频有LRC字幕 VOA沙龙国际附字幕:英国教育科技初创团队声称能帮助孩子快速记单词2018-03-02
A new vocabulary program claims to greatly speed up a child's understanding of language. The program is called Mrs Wordsmith.
Like the economy or any other part of American life, the future of American higher education is unclear. Some experts argue that there is cause for concern over rising costs and decreasing numbers of new students. Others suggest that colleges and universi
Many of the Chinese words that are now part of English were borrowed long ago. They are most often from Cantonese or other Chinese languages rather than Mandarin.
For the first time in history, a robot has completed a college-level class. Bina48 could change the future of education.
Today, we will tell you about words English has taken from African languages. Many of these words entered English as a result of the Trans-Atlantic Slave Trade.
Research is important to higher education around the world. But the process of getting funding has grown more complex. Some experts suggest that schools should support researcher in the process of seeking funding or grants.
In the United States, colleges and universities value different qualities in their students. But the ability to write well and express oneself is almost always important. And the essay is the part of the application where high school students have a chanc
Former technology industry leaders are calling for urgent measures to protect children from smartphone addiction. They say they hope to lead a “cultural awakening” about the dangers of technology.
As rebuilding efforts continue in Puerto Rico after back-to-back hurricanes last year, some organizations believe the disaster recovery can lead to some positive changes. One organization sees a historic chance to improve science education.
With the cost of a college education in the United States haven risen greatly over the past 30 years, students need all the financial support they can get. Luckily many schools offer some form of aid. But the process of applying for it can be complex.
Different programs help inmates in the US earn college degrees while serving prison sentences.
How to Watch Television’ and Tree Climbing’ are just some of the classes offered at colleges and universities in the United States with unusual names. But even with such strange names, they do offer students a lot of important lessons.
Large language classes are difficult for many teachers. In today’s teacher tips, we discuss ways to manage these classes with success.
There are many steps for students seeking admission to colleges and universities, especially at schools in the United States. One admissions official says it is important for students to start this process early, so nothing falls behind.
On a recent program, we explained that knowing just a few root words in English can help you understand the meaning of hundreds more word...
Most college students in the U.S. hold jobs. Working part-time can benefit learners in some ways. But working too much can lead to serious problems.
A TOEFL score may be necessary to get a student visa to an English-speaking country. Some businesses and even government offices use the test scores to measure the English language abilities of their employees.
In the United States, most college students often have some kind of job while they are taking classes. But working for the college or university at which they are stUS, Canadian Universities Aim to Make Student Jobs More Meaningfuludying can provide a val
English has been called one the most difficult languages for non-native speakers to learn. One reason is that English has so many rules – and almost as many exceptions of those rules!
Students are not alone when it comes time for them to apply to colleges and universities. Their parents are often the people that want to help the most. But do parents always know best?
The Roma are among Europes most disadvantaged populations. Across the continent, a high number of Roma experience social exclusion: They are often treated differently from other Europeans in the workplace, in housing and education.
Every college and university in the United States is different, and they all compete with one another. But one thing they share is finding ways to help low-income and first generation students. And now a group of 11 schools is working tUS Universities Wor
For the past two years, over one million international students have attended colleges and universities in the United States. However, the number of new international students fell during the 2016-2017 school year. Some people think the number might conti
Students all over the world cheat in classes at every level of education. But several experts say students who cheat are only harming themselves. And professors can do more to prevent it.
VOA沙龙国际:Take a Break From Essay Writing with Dialogue Journals2017-11-11
Writing may be one of the most hated exercises in a classroom. Rarely do students celebrate when the teacher asks them to do a writing activity. Joy Peyton says there is good reason for that: much of the writing is often formal.
A new study finds that Europe lead the world in English language proficiency, followed closely by Asia. The private education company Education First released the findings on Wednesday.
Many young people who want to go to college think mostly about what they will get out of higher education in the end. But one admissions official argues that college admissions process can teach students a lot about themselves.
The RISE program aims to provide paid job experience for high schools students in jobs that can become careers. It is part of an effort by Montgomery County in the state of Maryland to develop and keep jobs in the area.
About a third of U.S. college students transfer from one institution to another at some point during their education. But a growing amount of research shows this process causes problems for many students.
Indian Nations are trying different ways to expand the number of native speakers, and increase interest in their communities to learn tribal languages.
Many sources offer information about higher education decisions. But a new study from Strada Education Network and Gallup finds that some of those sources are more useful than others.
There are thousands of colleges and universities across the United States that provide high-quality education. But many international students still only apply to the most famous ones. Some experts believe they would increase their chances of acceptance i
Chances are college students will take jobs after graduation not connected to their majors. Three deans at North Carolina State University are trying to prepare students for this uncertainty about their future plans.
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