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初中英语易错表达大全

发表时间:2014-12-30内容来源:VOA英语学习网
1. 我有重要的事情要告诉你。 误:I have important something to tell you.正:I have something important to tell you.析:当复合不定代词,如something, anything, everything, nothing等被形容词修饰时,形容词要放在其后。 2. 她和你父亲一样是位好老师。 误:She is as a good teacher as your father.正:She is as good a teacher as your father.析:在as …… as结构中,若形容词作定语修饰单数可数名词,不定冠词a (an)应置于形容词和名词之间,不可放在形容词之前。 3. 那里的人喜欢喝茶。 误:There people like drinking tea.正:People there like drinking tea.析:表示方位的副词,如here, there, upstairs, downstairs, below, home等也可作定语,但通常放在所修饰的词之后。 4. 你认为我们首先应当做什么? 误:What do you think should we do first? 正:What do you think we should do first? 析:英语中如果特殊疑问句中插入以一般疑问句式出现的插入语,如do you think等,则特殊疑问句本身的主语、谓语一般仍按陈述语序,而不再使用疑问语序。 5. 昨天他从马上跌了下来。 误:He fell the horse off yesterday.正:He fell off the horse yesterday.析:fall off中的off是介词,并非副词,所以应放在宾语之前。 6. 王涛有时上学迟到。 误:Wang Tao sometimes is late for school.正:Wang Tao is sometimes late for school.析:频度副词sometimes, often, usually, always等通常位于实义动词之前,be动词之后。 7. 这孩子没到上学的年龄。 误:The boy is not enough old to go to school.正:The boy is not old enough to go to school.析:当enough, very much等修饰形容词或副词时,应放在形容词或副词之后。 8. 你还要别的什么吗? 误:Else what would you like? 正:What else would you like? 析:else修饰疑问词或不定代词时,应放在它们的后面,又如:Do you want anything else? 9. 请你不要打开窗户,好吗? 误:Would you not please open the window? 正:Would you please not open the window? 析:“Would you please ……”用于委婉地提出建议、请求等。其否定形式应为:“Would you please not ……” 10. 昨天所有的学生都去了公园。 误:The all students went to the park yesterday.正:All the students went to the park yesterday.析:当all, both等作定语修饰名词,且名词又有the修饰时,all, both等通常放在之前。 11. 她捡起了笔,把它还给了我。 误:She picked up the pen and gave back it to me.正:She picked up the pen and gave it back to me.析:由及物动词加副词构成的短语,当宾语是代词时,代词一般放在副词之前。 12. 你知道他什么时候回来吗? 误:Do you know when will he come back? 正:Do you know when he will come back? 析:在含有宾语从句的复合句中,宾语从句连接词之后应该用陈述语序。 13. 他会玩电脑,我也会。 误:He can use a computer. So I can.正:He can use a computer. So can I.析:以so或neither(nor)开头的句子,若前一句的情况适合另一个人或事物时,句子要倒装。肯定句时用so,否定句时用neighter或 nor开头,助动词要与谓语动词保持一致。 来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20141230/212968.html
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