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牛津高三英语上学期:Chapter Five

发表时间:2013-05-12内容来源:VOA英语学习网
[by:www.tingVOA.com - VOA英语网] [00:00.00]如果你喜欢VOA英语网(www.tingvoa.com),请介绍给更多的同学哦 [00:-2.00]SICK BUILDINGS [00:-3.00]A wealthy American businessman [00:-4.00]has just bought a small insurance company in South east Asia. [00:-5.00]He has not visited it yet. [00:-6.00]After he bought it,he heard that the staff were often sick. [00:-7.00]He then sent Kate Ford,his personal assistant, [00:-8.00]to inspect the office and give him a brief report on the possible health hazards [00:-9.00]To:Mr P Thompson, Chairman,Mwgabux industries From:Kate Ford [00:10.00]Health Hazards at Solid Insurance Ltd. [00:11.00]I have investigated the possible health hazards [00:12.00]in the office of Solid insurance Ltd, [00:13.00]and I have also discussed the subject with the present manager of the company [00:14.00]Mr C K Li,and most members of staff. [00:15.00]General situation [00:16.00]The office is situated on the fifth floor of a building which was completed in 1975 [00:17.00]Access is via elevator only. [00:18.00]The office is rented from Profitable Properties Limited(PPL). [00:19.00]Ventilation [00:20.00]they complained of headaches,tiredness and respiratory problems. [00:21.00]The poor ventilation is probably responsible. [00:22.00]All windows in the office are sealed. [00:23.00]We should consider replacing some of these with windows which can be opened [00:24.00]All ventilation is provided by the building's central air conditioning system [00:25.00]At present this provides a mixture of 20% fresh air and 80% recycled air. [00:26.00]A higher percentage of fresh air is desirable. [00:27.00]In addition,the main air intake is at ground level,facing a busy main road. [00:28.00]This should be re-sited to the roof. [00:29.00]There is no regular cleaning programme for the system, [00:30.00]although this ought to be done at least once a year [00:31.00]to ensure that dirt and dangerous bacteria do not pollute the system. [00:32.00]We will need to raise these points with PPL, [00:33.00]who may object because of the expense of making changes. [00:34.00]Smoking [00:35.00]Seven of the forty staff,including Mr C K Li,are regular smokers. [00:36.00]The previous management did not have a non-smoking policy. [00:37.00]We should consider introducing one immediately. [00:38.00]This is the easiest problem to solve. [00:39.00]Equipment [00:40.00]The photocopying machines,which are frequently in use, [00:41.00]are situated in a small room with poor ventilation. [00:42.00]I believe these machines can produce ozone,a toxic chemical. [00:43.00]We need to take expert advice on this problem. [00:44.00]Most of the staff sit in front of desk-top computers all day, [00:45.00]and have a break only at lunch-time. [00:46.00]They have old chairs which are uncomfortable and too low. [00:47.00]Many complain of eye strain and back problems. [00:48.00]We need to purchase modern,adjustable chairs [00:49.00]and introduce a system of regular breaks. [00:50.00]Water system [00:51.00]The men's and women's wash rooms are maintained in a hygienic state. [00:52.00]However,several staff have been absent recently with stomach illnesses. [00:53.00]A possible reason for this may be the drinking water from the pantry, [00:54.00]which does not seem to be pure. [00:55.00]The main water tanks on the roof have never been cleaned,according to Mr C K Li [00:56.00]We should get an expert to test the water quality. [00:57.00]We should get an expert to test the water quality. [00:58.00]Noise [00:59.00]The office has a high noise level. [-1:00.00]This results in an increase in stress. [-1:-1.00]However,the situation here could be improved [-1:-2.00]by fitting sound proof tiles to the ceiling, [-1:-3.00]since much of the noise comes from a plastics factory on the floor above [-1:-4.00]Lighting [-1:-5.00]There are old lights on the ceiling. [-1:-6.00]Wherever you sit, they reflect on the computer screens. [-1:-7.00]If we are changing the ceiling tiles, [-1:-8.00]it would be a good chance to install a better lighting system. [-1:-9.00]Conclusion [-1:10.00]The workers'illnesses are genuine and staff morale is low. [-1:11.00]Mr C K Li's failure to deal with any of these problems is very regrettable [-1:12.00]Listening Skills [-1:13.00]pages 86 and 87 [-1:14.00]Filling in forms [-1:15.00]In these exercise,you will hear a conversation between Kate Ford [-1:16.00]and one of the staff at Solid Insurance Ltd. [-1:17.00]Listen and complete the form,as if you were Kate Ford. [-1:18.00]A:Do come in,please sit down.Now,as you probably know [-1:19.00]I'm doing a survey of all the staff here [-1:20.00]because we want to improve the working conditions. [-1:21.00]So I hope you tell me honestly about any problems,so that we can deal with them [-1:22.00]B:Yes,of course.I think it's a very good idea. [-1:23.00]A:Good!Now,you are Mr Parkinson,aren't you?What is your first name[-1:24.00]B:It's Ian. [-1:25.00]A:How do you spell that? [-1:26.00]B:I-A-N. [-1:27.00]A:I-A-N,right,and your surname? [-1:28.00]B:P-A-R-K-I-N-S-O-N Parkinson. [-1:29.00]A:Thank you.And what is your job title,Mr Parkinson? [-1:30.00]B:I'm an accountant. [-1:31.00]A:Accountant.And how long have you been with the company? [-1:32.00]B:Two and a half years altogether. [-1:33.00]A:Two and a half years. [-1:34.00]Now,Mr Parkinson,looking back over the last year [-1:35.00]how many days were you absent from work due to ill health? [-1:36.00]B:Let's see,about ten days,I think. [-1:37.00]A:And what was the treatment did you require? [-1:38.00]B:I've been to the doctors several times about my back. [-1:39.00]and just resting at home is usually enough. [-1:40.00]I haven't had to stay in hospital. [-1:41.00]A:I see.What sort of health problems have you had? [-1:42.00]Any respiratory problems,you mentioned the cough. [-1:43.00]B:Yes,I've had a cough for a long time, [-1:44.00]and I often get a headache after a day at work. [-1:45.00]A:Any trouble with your eyes or back pain? [-1:46.00]B:My eyes are fine, but I have had a lot of back trouble. [-1:47.00]A:Anything else? [-1:48.00]B:Yes,I had a broken wrist last summer. [-1:49.00]A:A broken wrist? [-1:50.00]B:Yes,but that was nothing to do with the office [-1:51.00]I just fell over while I was playing tennis,that's all. [-1:52.00]A:Aha,oh I see,anyway I'll make a brief note of it. [-1:53.00]Oh,by the way,I forgot to enter your age. [-1:54.00]B:I'm thirty-two. [-1:55.00]A:Thirty-two,thank you.Now,I believe you're a smoker,Mr Parkinson. [-1:56.00]B:Yes,I'm afraid so. [-1:57.00]A:So,how would you feel if we introduced a non-smoking policy? [-1:58.00]I suppose you would object of that. [-1:59.00]B:No,I think it would be desirable to have one. [-2:00.00]My wife keeps telling me to stop smoking, [-2:-1.00]if we had a non-smoking policy in the office, [-2:-2.00]it would help me to give up smoking, [-2:-3.00]and it would be better for the nonsmokers,too. [-2:-4.00]So I would be in favour of that. [-2:-5.00]A:Right,that's very good. [-2:-6.00]Now,do you have any problems with your equipment or furniture in the office [-2:-7.00]B:Yes,my chair is terrible,it's too low,and the lighting is very poor. [-2:-8.00]It's difficult to see the computer's screen clearly. [-2:-9.00]A:So that's the chair,too low, and poor lighting. [-2:10.00]Right,so which of these five things worry you the most? [-2:11.00]I'd like you to choose three things and rank them in order from 1 to 3. [-2:12.00]B:Let me see...well,No.1 is the furniture, [-2:13.00]the lighting was probably be No.2 and I guess,air quality is No.3 [-2:14.00]A:You do use a desktop computer in your work, don't you? [-2:15.00]B:Yes.A:How often do you take a break? [-2:16.00]You ought to take a break about every hour. [-2:17.00]B:No,we can't do that. [-2:18.00]The manager complains if we not touch desks all the time. [-2:19.00]We can only take a break at lunch time [-2:20.00]A:So how many hours a day are you using the computer? [-2:21.00]B:Not all the time I would say I use it about four hours a day. [-2:22.00]B:Well,I don't think they are very good at all. [-2:23.00]I would say that I'm quite dissatisfied. [-2:24.00]They need to be improved. [-2:25.00]A:And do you have any other commends [-2:26.00]or things you like to mention about the office conditions? [-2:27.00]B:Well,yes.I'm rather worried about what would happen if there was a fire. [-2:28.00]The door to the stairs is usually locked [-2:29.00]and stairs are often blocked with rubbish [-2:30.00]A:I'll make notes of that.Door to stairs locked, [-2:31.00]stairs blocked with rubbish I'll look into that. [-2:32.00]Right,thank you for your help,Mr Parkinson [-2:33.00]B:Thank you. [-2:34.00]SPEAKING Page 93 [-2:35.00]A Final e on short words [-2:36.00]The pronunciation of short words [-2:37.00]with a short vowel sound changes when a final e is added. [-2:38.00]Then the vowel is pronounced in the same way as the name of those letters [-2:39.00](a,e,i,o,u) in the alphabet. [-2:40.00]a mad made [-2:41.00]e pet Pete [-2:42.00]i hid hide [-2:43.00]o not note [-2:44.00]u us use [-2:45.00]Exercise A1 [-2:46.00]1.This is a cube. [-2:47.00]2.Turn off the tap[-2:48.00]3.Is this the site? [-2:49.00]4.Can you hop on one leg? [-2:50.00]5.Take the dog to the vet. [-2:51.00]6.This is a steep slope! [-2:52.00]7.Cane furniture is popular. [-2:53.00]8.Look at that tiger cub! [-2:54.00]9.What a lovely scene! [-2:55.00]10.I hit my shin on a rock. [-2:56.00]11.The hose was very long. [-2:57.00]12.Clothes fade in the sun. [-2:58.00]Exercise A2 [-2:59.00]1.You can make an excellent kite from a kit. [-3:00.00]2.Hello,pal.You look pale.Do you feel all right? [-3:-1.00]3.After a long, hot walk, [-3:-2.00]we were glad to find a cool glade of trees for our picnic. [-3:-3.00]4.I like the way your hair is cut.It makes you look very cute! [-3:-4.00]5.The fins of the shark are used to make a fine soup. [-3:-5.00]6.The plane went into a spin and crashed. [-3:-6.00]The poor pilot injured his spine. [-3:-7.00]7.If you win the competition,you will receive a bottle of wine. [-3:-8.00]8.I'm sorry,but I hate that hat.It looks silly. [-3:-9.00]9.I keep pins in this pine box. [-3:10.00]MORE LANGUAGE INPUT(5) [-3:11.00]pages 98 and 99 [-3:12.00]A Reading [-3:13.00]Indoor Air Quality Problems [-3:14.00]Generally speaking, [-3:15.00]a school has far more occupants per square metre than an office building. [-3:16.00]The fact is that with an increasing urbanization, [-3:17.00]the student population in many schools is still growing. [-3:18.00]Therefore,an awareness of possible indoor air quality problems [-3:19.00]is important for teachers and students alike. [-3:20.00]Most indoor air pollution in schools comes from sources inside the school building [-3:21.00]For example,photocopiers,manufactured wood products like desks and chairs [-3:22.00]and carpeting cleaning products and pesticides [-3:23.00]may all emit harmful elements into the air. [-3:24.00]Other pollutants may also accumulate [-3:25.00]in specific areas such as laboratories and toilets. [-3:26.00]Meanwhile,outdoor air that enters a school building through windows [-3:27.00]and other openings can also bring vehicle exhausts into the classrooms. [-3:28.00]Outdated ventilation systems in some older schools [-3:29.00]increase the risks of indoor air quality problems. [-3:30.00]Poor indoor air quality can cause serious respiratory problems. [-3:31.00]Younger students in particular are affected. [-3:32.00]Children's respiratory systems are still developing [-3:33.00]They are more sensitive to the air pollutants. [-3:34.00]Children also have higher respiration rates than adults. [-3:35.00]As a result,they are likely to inhale more of the pollutants than adults do [-3:36.00]There is a lot that we can do and should do. [-3:37.00]For instance,increasing ventilation rates,banning smoking, [-3:38.00]storing paints and pesticides in closed containers, [-3:39.00]and using those pollutant sources in periods of low or no occupancy [-3:40.00]are all easy and effective means to prevent the problems [-3:41.00]Of course,of all the measures to take,education is on top of the list. [-3:42.00]When everyone in the school fully understands the matter, [-3:43.00]a safer and healthier learning environment with cleaner air can be created [-3:44.00]B Listening [-3:45.00]In 1950,30% of the world's population lived in urban areas [-3:46.00]By 2000,the proportion of urban dwellers had risen to 47% [-3:47.00]and it expected to reach 60% by 2030. [-3:48.00]At the current rate of change, [-3:49.00]the number of urban dwellers will equal the number of rural dwellers [-3:50.00]in the world in 2007. [-3:51.00]There are 2.9,000,000,000 inhabitants in urban areas today [-3:52.00]and 4.9,000,000,000 are expected by 2030 , [-3:53.00]whereas the world has 6.1,000,000,000 inhabitants [-3:54.00]and is expected to have 8.1,000,000,000 by 2030. [-3:55.00]More than 150,000 people [-3:56.00]are being added to the urban population in developing countries every day [-3:57.00]Greater Tokyo,Japan,already has 26,000,000 people, [-3:58.00]Sao Paulo,Brazil 18,000,000 and Bombay,India,18,000,000 [-3:59.00]It is predicted that by 2015, [-4:00.00]the world will have 23'megacities'with populations over 10,000,000 [-4:-1.00]and more than 500 cities with populations of 1,000,000 or more. [-4:-2.00]The prediction is that by 2025,2/3 of the world's people will live in cities 来自:VOA英语网 文章地址: http://www.tingvoa.com/html/20130512/119336.html
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